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download pdf The Buffalo Are Back Author Jean Craighead George –

3.50 stars Another interesting book in this series about conservation It is amazing to me to thin that 75 Million Buffalo were living on the US plains in the 1850 s and were killed for sport and to starve the Native Americans as a war tactic A WAR TACTIC..ICK Take out a species and it trickles down to affect every creature in the ecosystem Then in the early 1900s they found 300 head of wild buffalo Thanks Uncle Teddy Teddy Roosevelt for enacting legislation for conservation Now today there are roughly 200,000 Buffalo in the wild It is fun to go to Yellowstone National Park and observe them from a far I recently read The Wolves Are Back by this same author and illustrator team and I really enjoyed it, so I decided to read this book too I love wolves but I am interested in buffalo My local park has a buffalo paddock and some tame buffalo, and I m always amazed at how much time they spend lounging around in the movies I always saw them stampeding, but that was always in response to being hunted and trying to stay alive was why they always seemed to be running, although this book indicates one reason they were popular hunting targets was their large size and the fact that they often stood still.I loved this book It s different from the wolves book, and perhaps aimed at slightly older children Perhaps I am not certain.This is a wonderful history book about the buffalo and their fall and rise, both caused by humans I have mixed feelings about the ways the buffalo are being saved but the book s account is stellar The name Indians is used for Native Americans, which I thought I d mention in case that might bother some readers But, it shows how the Native Americans knew the land and how the buffalo helped keep the ecosystem in balance, and it shows how in a relatively short period of time, European settlers destroyed the livelihood of Native Americans, brought the buffalo close to extinction, and ruined the human usefulness of the prairie because of their actions It also tells how Theodore Roosevelt and W.T Hornaday, a naturalist, and a Crow Indian too, helped start the movement to bring the buffalo back, and how some people have continued to do things to continue with their comeback.Baby buffalos, if depicted accurately in this book, sure are cute Beautiful artwork In the back of the book, there is a list of four places you can visit where the buffalo roam I am tempted. The Buffalo, An American Icon Once Nearly Extinct, Has Made A Comeback This Stirring Picture Book Tells The Dramatic Story, Following Bison From The Plains Indians To The Cowboys, Teddy Roosevelt To The Dust Bowl, And From The Brink Of Extinction To The Majestic Herds That Now Roam Our National Parks Paired With Gorgeous Paintings By Landscape Artist Wendell Minor, Jean Craighead George S Engaging Text Will Inspire A New Generation To Understand And Protect Nature S Delicate Balance 21 January 2010 THE BUFFALO ARE BACK by Jean Craighead George and Wendell Minor, ill Dutton, May 2010, 32p., ISBN 978 0525422150 Oh give me a home where the buffalo roam song I learned in 1959 as a four year old at Carousel Day School in buffalo less Hicksville, LI In a time long ago, an orange buffalo calf was born He wobbled to his feet and blinked A lark flew to the top of a six foot blade of grass and sang as sweet as a panpipe A town of prairie dogs barked The green gold grasses of the plains rippled like waves from horizon to horizon On that day in the mid 1800s seventy five million buffalo roamed in North America In littlethan fifty years there would be almost none What happened The answer is a story of the American Indians, the buffalo, and the grass A few years ago, the dynamic duo of Jean Craighead George and Wendell Minor wrote THE WOLVES ARE BACK It is an absolutely must have picture book science and history story about the disruption of the ecosystem at Yellowstone National Park triggered by the misguided eradication of the wolvesthan eight decades ago, and how recent reintroduction of wolves into that system and elsewhere have led in dominoes falling fashion to the reestablishment of a newly invigorated and balanced ecosystem What the pair show so vividly in text and illustration that there can be unintended and far reaching consequences to the removal of a link in the ecological chain is a lesson that young and old people must assuredly learn if our planet is to remain a viable place for the generations yet to come In some ways, THE BUFFALO ARE BACK feels like an evenimportant story Perhaps, to me, such feelings come from those unforgettable Dorothea Lange images stuck in my head that put such a human face on the tragedy of the Dust Bowl Perhaps it s the savage accounts I ve read about the government led genocide Whatever the case, the history story that the dynamic duo share this time around reveals how the destruction of the balanced prairie ecosystem involving the buffalo, the native grasses, and the American Indians led to billions of grasshoppers and the Dust Bowl Early settlers were ranchers and cowboys They brought fences and cattle to the plains The cattle did not roam, so they ate too much of the grass within their fences Their flat hooves packed the earth Air and rainwater no longer reached into the soil Later settlers wanted to farm the land, so they tore out the grass and planted crops to sell Steel plows and steam tractors were invented to conquer the grassland and the great plow up began Wheat, corn, and soybeans were planted These crops have shallow, fragile roots Beyond showing how the great plow up had been such an ecological disaster, THE BUFFALO ARE BACK goes on to explain how the buffalo were eventually brought back from the brink of extinction, how contour plowing has made a difference, and how a search for tiny stands of native grasses in places like graveyards, old railroad beds, and the like, has provided the opportunity to gather their seed and reintroduce the native specie into the prairie ecosystem Again, the failure to learn such lessons of science and history could leave us planet less Jean Craighead George wrote the Newbery Honor book MY SIDE OF THE MOUNTAIN in 1959, the same year I learned to warble Home on the Range Over all of these years she has crafted story after story about nature and the interconnectedness of plants, animals, and people I d like to hope that the committee who will choose the next recipient of the Laura Ingalls Wilder Medal winner for substantial and lasting contributions to children s literature will keep Jean Craighead George in mind In my mind, she is only getting better.Richie Partington, MLISRichie s Picks I thought this book was pretty interesting I think the beauty of this book really came from the illustrations of paintings by Wendell Minor they were so beautiful I just loved looking at them This book is a good detailed history about the buffalo The book is simply written and would be great for an juvenile history lesson What resonated with me with this story and I found so powerful was the lesson I got from reading this story how human behaviors can knock off the balance of nature and its species This story really was about the events and decisions that lend to the elimination of buffalo from North American It talks about the Native Americans and how their habitats were disrupted as well.I would recommended this book and found it would be helpful in a juvenile history lesson about Native Americans and live during their time with the buffalo and survival. George, Jean Craighead 2010 The Buffalo are Back New York, NY Dutton Children s Books Text to Text My students and I are big fans of Jean Craighead George I featured her story The Eagles are Back in the bird text set and the kids loved it Similar to this text, she gives a background information, tells the historical story and ends by weaving in modern details This text also connects to details in Black Elk s Vision in that it mentions how the soldiers and settlers were encouraged to shoot every buffalo they saw, or drive whole herds over cliffs Without buffalo for food, shelter, and clothing, the Indians could not survive on the plains The two texts could easily be used together in a thematic unit The Buffalo Are Back would give the viewpoint across a span of time, while Black Elk s Vision offers a unique first person account Jean Craighead George s books contain rich, detailed illustrations that support emerging readers pick out the main idea of the page Bloom s Questions Remembering List five intriguing words you learned from this book Define each Understanding Describe three cause effect relationships found in this book.Applying Did this book remind you of anything that has happened to you What was the situation Share why it reminded you of the experience How did you act reactAnalyzing Use a Venn Diagram to compare a character from the book with a character from another book you ve recently read.Evaluation Which character in the book would you choose for a friend Explain why Creating Design a story map or a timeline of main events If you were to go back in time, what solution could you devise to help the Native Americans keep their land 3 Book Review July 1, 2010 School Library Journal July 1, 2010 Retrieved from This is a book that does not pull any punches as far as the nonexistent environmental management practices in America during the Westward Expansion Manifest Destiny era.It calmly lyrically attributes fault, but then it goes further not only explaining WHAT happened, but also HOW and WHY it happened extraordinary detail without getting too technical I have never seen a popular children s book account of the Dust Bowl that include the role of grass root depth and the shape of cows hooves vs the shape bisons hooves in its explanation It also manages to be very direct about America s self righteous, indecent treatment of Native Americans without diminishing their suffering or losing focus on the non human costs, an impossible feat for many. The buffalo faced extinction but have been restored to the western states through the efforts of conservationists such as Theodore Roosevelt This book tells the story of the plains from the times when massive herds of buffalo roamed to the time when only 300 buffalo remained It links events like the Dust Bowl to the disappearance of the buffalo It also talks about how the efforts of a school and her father helped to create native grassland preserve in Kansas This short, informative book is valuable to both teachers and families who wish to explore the importance of preservation efforts or about the interconnectedness of life. My budding environmentalist animal activist picked this out from the library last week Along the same lines of They Came from the Bronx How the Buffalo Were Saved from Extinction that he picked out from the school library earlier this year, The Buffalo Are Back is a great educational, environmental, ecological, and historical book for children In a time long ago, an orange buffalo calf was born He wobbled to his feet and blinked A lark flew to the top of a six foot blade of grass and sang as sweet as a panpipe A town of prairie dogs barked The green gold grasses of the plains rippled like waves from horizon to horizon On that day in the mid 1800s seventy five million buffalo roamed in North America In littlethan fifty years there would be almost none The story of the Buffalo and how we wiped them from our earth, is a heartbreaking one, but an important lesson in preventing similar mistakes in our future Whereas They Came from the Bronx isabout the restoration of the Buffalo herd, The Buffalo Are Back focuses on how they became endangered in the first place and how the loss of the Buffalo not only accomplished devastation among the American Indians, but also across the Great Plains I especially liked how they tied in the effects of settlers not understanding the land and ultimately causing the Dust Bowl due to their ineffective farming practices I can honestly say that this was educational for myself in that respect as well, along with why they now grow crops in curves, interlaced with patches of prairie grass My only complaint for both of these books, is that Buffalo are actually still extinct, what we call Buffalo today are in fact Bison, which are a cross between the Buffalo and a cow. I don t usually post the books I read with my six year old daughter, but then, they don t usually move her to tears When we reached the part that detailed how the U.S government finally decimated the great herds of buffalo NOT for meat, hides, or even a depraved sense of sport , but as a tactic to drive the Native American Indians from their lands onto the reservation, she was crying, asking Why don t people THINK about other people before they do things She was distraught when she learned how the loss of the bison helped change the ecosystem of the plains, leading up to the dustbowl of the 30 s But then, when she read about Teddy Roosevelt and W.T Hornaday discovering the last stand of 300 animals in a secluded meadow in Montana, a place that had been hidden away from the world she was overjoyed, and grabbed onto a new pair of heroes as she learned about their efforts to save and rebuild the herds Jean Craighead George truly is a national treasure to be cherished right alongside the bison and other wildlife she has championed for so long Beautifully illustrated with paintings by Wendell Minor, this is a children s book that should find its way into any home with youngstersand wouldn t be an unwelcome addition to those without any, as well.